Any floor covering, whether it’s a laminate, parquet or board, need to be protected – from mechanical damage, dirt, and just to extend the life. If the floor is not treated properly during installation and does not care for them afterwards, then stained and scratched you will encounter in any case. If the wooden structures and items are not properly prepared, it still needed extra protection – from fungus and rot.
The choice of means for the protection, care or painting the floor and other structures, above all, depends on the material you want to protect from external influences. The main rule here – synthetic surfaces should be protected by means of synthetic, natural – natural.
Means of protection of wood inside the house
For interior woodwork used in virtually all natural products on the market, except for silvering solution softwood, which is designed exclusively for the treatment of external surfaces. This is all kinds of preservatives, waxes, oils, blue, colors, etc. Waxes are used to cover the ceilings, walls and floor, oil – for walls, floors, stairs, railings, countertops and so on. To protect the quality of wooden floor rather use one, at least – two of the following materials – depending on the expected load on the surface and the expected decorative effect.
Safflower patchwork wax used for the treatment of surfaces exposed to low load – ceiling, walls, furniture, etc. The material has antistatic properties, has a pleasant silky to the touch surface. Most often, safflower wax is applied not tinted, as it preserves the color of wood. Name of wax was due to its composition and method of application. Apply the product is very easy with the help of cotton lint-free cloth, rubbing the wax in small amounts on the surface.
Hard wax is used for floor finishing subjected to high load surfaces such as floors, already processed oils, or as an independent coating for interior doors, furniture and other wood products. Adding a wax pigment, you can get an interesting decorative effect. Wax heated on a steam bath to about 60 ° C and then spread evenly on the floor with poloternoy machine or cotton lint-free cloth. After about 4-6 hours of polishing the floor.
Solid oil and wax is designed to create wear-resistant protection for wood, cork and stone surfaces indoors. Well suited to handling the sexes, however, are not suited for wet areas. As a rule, do not use tinted. Applied hard wax oil with a natural bristle brushes of the machine or poloternoy followed by removal of excess.
Solid oil for sex – and a stable sealing surface treatment for any rough surfaces of wood, cork and natural stone on the floor or in any other places that carry a greater load (countertops in the kitchen, furniture, etc.). This oil is used for more intensive toning the wood and to obtain a matte surface.
Solid wood oil provides a robust defense of the glossy wooden surfaces, and especially those in humid conditions and subjected to high loads (bathrooms, kitchens, etc.). Also suitable for renovation of old wooden surfaces in the furniture industry. Solid wood oil is best used as a final coating of surfaces already treated with natural oils. Not recommended tinted.
Solid oil is intended to provide protection for wear-resistant wood, cork and stone surfaces indoors. Well suited for use on walls, ceilings, furniture, mostly used for light tinted wood and get a light gloss. Brush a natural bristle and cotton rags, lint-free.
Carnauba wax is recommended for wood, cork floors, already processed with natural oils and waxes, as well as an additive to the aqueous solution to take care of these floors. Carnauba wax is always used in diluted form. For all already processed oils and waxes the surface wax is applied not earlier than three days. Aqueous solution with the wax is applied with a soft, lint-free cloth or cotton mop for a special floor, and after drying, lightly zapolirovyvayut.
All these means are suitable and intended only for internal operations and may only be used at an ambient temperature of 10 ° C.
How to choose the right tool
The choice of specific tools or resources necessary for you, depending on the task at hand and the desired result. If you want a satiny sheen, a soft-touch coating, without rendering the wood, you need a solid oil and wax, which must be applied in two layers. If you want a surface with light tint and a slight gloss – just select the oil, solid (tinting is possible up to 10%, that is, oil will need to make any color you like from a natural pigment).
To obtain a matt surface with a strong tint, as it is needed, usually in areas with high load, use the oil, solid floor (tinting is possible up to 10%), in two layers. Semi-gloss surface with a tint of average force is obtained using the two funds – the Hard Oil Floor (tinting is possible up to 10%) and the first layer of solid wax for the floor the second layer (wax perfectly emphasizes the texture of the wood). In wet areas second finishing layer is better to use solid wood oil.
Natural remedies floor and other wooden structures are put in the following sequence: antiseptic (if necessary, see below), then – depending on the task at hand and the desired result is applied two coats of your chosen material (see above). Zakolerovannoe oil for toning the wood before applying the mix thoroughly and put on a wooden surface with a brush or floor polishers. After 15-20 minutes, remove excess oil from the surface with a soft, lint-free cloth or poloternoy machine for uniform distribution of pigment and color equalization. Waxes are applied, usually nekolerovannymi, conventional cotton, lint-free cloth or polishing machine with a soft pillow.
Protection of external timber structures
Protect the wooden parts of the house should not only inside but also outside, because the wood, like any natural material, subject to the ravages of natural microorganisms. Therefore, the construction of wooden houses and other structures need to take care of “health” is not only sex, but the rafters, walls, roofs, etc. To solve this problem has its own product line: blue for wood, paint standolevaya, silvering solution for soft wood, etc. However, in the first place to protect the load-bearing structures, walls, rafters and other external parts at home you will need a wood preservative.
Almost all of the traditional wood preservatives containing boric salt or she serves as an independent means. Boric salt prevents the destruction of wood fungi and insects, is odorless and easily soluble in water easily penetrates into the wood, easy to operate, very economical, non-toxic.
Treat the surface of boron salt is easy. Stirring, it is dissolved in warm (body temperature) water, and put a solution in two layers, with the second layer is applied on damp still not dry surface. For better penetration of boron into the wood of salt is recommended to put it in overcast but not rainy days.
After treatment with boron salt, depending on what specific problem you need to decide the surface is treated with finishing materials: protection against fungus – linen varnish, glaze for wood or standolevoy paint to protect against rot and moisture – the azure of the pigment. To protect the external surfaces of softwood can be used for silvering solution. The exact choice of material depends on the specific surface and its operational conditions.
Antiseptics, as well as the ground with paint, with each other do not mix. Antiseptic composition is applied once, and apply additional antiseptic compounds does not make sense. The floors are treated with antiseptic in the case when it comes to decking netermirovannoy board to be placed on the street. Typically, the first layer dries in about 24 hours under normal conditions. The floors inside the building process do not need preservatives.
Rules for the Protection of artificial surfaces
If it is not natural material for the floor, such as a laminate, the greater need for care and to a lesser degree – to protect. Synthetic funds would be the best choice. When laying laminate joints treated with a special synthetic wax or sealant. Next, the laminate requires only a gentle care with special tools.
Pros natural materials
Natural oils, waxes, paints, coatings and plasters are made from safe for human and environmental components of the natural plant, animal or mineral origin. On the Russian market are imported mainly from Germany, Italy and Japan. Scope of natural materials is high enough, but basically it is an internal or external decoration of wood, mineral and metal surfaces.
The secret to the quality of natural paints, glaze, waxes and oils is their original recipe, invented in ancient times. They do not contain harmful substances and gives excellent results when used as not only provide excellent protection of surfaces from moisture, mildew, ultraviolet light and so on, but do not interfere with the natural gas exchange surface to the environment. At the same time, natural covering, as a rule, are much longer than synthetic.
The only drawback is the natural covering their costs, which, however, is a relative term. Yes, the cost of natural waxes and oils are somewhat higher than sintetichekih materials, but there is no need to compare the cost of a can of paint and the cost of a single application of 1 square meter and the cost of the subsequent operation of the surface. Here, the comparison will be in favor of natural colors – they require far fewer layers of coating, less material consumption and, consequently, reduced cost of the spray, but they are much longer. Therefore operating costs are significantly lower.
Differences between natural means of synthetic analogues
Natural cover is often confused with clean or natural-based materials. In this case, the words “natural basis” simply indicate that some components are natural materials (usually bonds). For example, the composition of a standard decorative-protective coating on a natural basis would be: a binder (alkyd resins and tung oil), filler (chalk or marble chippings), solvent (white spirit), pigment (inorganic chemicals). It is clear that natural ingredients are not so much. In fact, paints, varnishes and oils using natural products are not much different from the synthetic, and are a potential danger to man and nature. After all, the essence of synthetic materials – is, roughly speaking, the “plastic”, mixed with oils and synthetic solvent diluted with the addition of plasticizers to keep this plastic in the form of an emulsion.
The differences between the clean and natural finishes are also significant. Environmentally friendly paints, varnishes and oils do not cause appreciable harm to nature and man, but within them there are still harmful synthetic ingredients. Just their concentration does not exceed the limit value (TLV working area), which does not guarantee their safety. In addition, a very interesting distinction between natural and so-called environmentally friendly substances from a chemical point of view. The composition of the latter, as a rule, even added a variety of plasticizers, neutralizing odors, etc. In fact, eco-friendly materials only relatively safe for humans, with strict observance of technology use.
But in natural paints, oils and waxes of synthetic components is not at all, they are completely safe. Binder in them may be only a mixture of various vegetable oils, fillers – beeswax, carnauba wax, solvent – Gum turpentine or no solvent, pigment – any safe natural pigments – ocher, umber, sienna, etc. And finally, another “plus” natural coating pigments in them, of course, also very durable and natural have a natural mutual compatibility, as well as gentleness and generosity of shades.